Why Choose GPS Ear Tags Instead of RFID Ear Tags?
Jimi loTJimi loT2019-10-29

The demand for livestock GPS tracker is rising, and the gap between supply and demand for global cattle products is growing (especially in developing regions), while productivity is declining. To solve this problem, ranchers around the world are choosing to integrate livestock tracking and management systems into their ranch. Many customers who have entered the smart farming field often feel confused when selecting cattle ear tags- GPS ear tags or RFID ear tags. What is the difference between these two items?

About GPS positioning
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is an airborne satellite-based positioning system for high-precision radio navigation that provides accurate geographic location, speed and accurate time information in the world. Since the advent of GPS, GPS has attracted many users with its high precision, all-day, global coverage, and convenience. The use of GPS ear tags requires the installation of a SIM card for transmission over a cellular network, suitable for real-time tracking.

About RFID positioning
RFID is divided into active and passive. Active RFID is the type of electronic tag that is divided by the power supply mode and usually supports long-distance identification. 
Passive RFID, that is, the passive radio frequency tag adopts the frequency hopping working mode, has the anti-interference ability, and the user can customize the reading and writing standard data. The efficiency is more rapid in the special application system, and the reading distance can reach more than 10 meters.
The RFID device precise positioning system collects the information of the electronic tag through long-distance and non-contact, realizes the automatic identification of the device under the moving state, thereby realizing the automatic management of the target. At present, the RFID ear tags on the market mainly track and monitor the breeding, transportation and slaughtering of cattle and sheep.

GPS ear tag VS RFID ear tag
Power consumption: Compared to RFID ear tags, GPS ear tags have higher power-consumption because they need to receive satellite signals and data transmission, while passive RFID ear tags do not require power at all.
Coverage: RFID must rely on the ground communication base station, and the coverage is limited. It has no positioning advantage in terms of free-range livestock. GPS is widely covered, which is more convenient for cattle and sheep positioning and tracking monitoring, which can effectively avoid the loss of livestock.
Function: The RFID ear tag can be used as the animal's exclusive ID, and can control the life cycle and process from breeding to slaughtering. It can effectively carry out feeding management, epidemic prevention management and drug management. GPS ear tags can realize livestock reporting, exercise volume recording and environmental monitoring, out-of-group alarm, low-power alarm, fence alarm, static alarm and other alarms, and by combined with the platform, GPS ear tag can realize vaccine injection, epidemic prevention, quarantine, breeding recording and other functions.

To sum up, RFID ear tags are more suitable for captivity with a smaller range, and their functions are not comprehensive enough compared with GPS ear tags. GPS ear tags are more suitable for free-range farming and pastures with full functional requirements.

IoT+ livestock GPS tracker can improve productivity & accelerate the improvement of the beef cattle production system featuring "high quality, safety and intelligence"

Using sheep and cattle GPS trackers and livestock management systems not only helps ranchers, herders, and animal husbandry bureaus cope with growing global demand, but also ensures the productivity, safety, and health of livestock. What makes the cow and sheep tracking device so powerful? The "Internet of things" is a worthy contributor. IoT improves pasture management by reducing manpower and providing equipment and platforms, and achieves pasture efficiency and productivity ultimately.

In many cities where animal husbandry is the main economic source are facing many risks. Ranchers and animal husbandry bureaus have realized the importance and urgency to solve reproduction, disease, theft, loss and other problems, and an effective monitoring & management system is indispensable. In the southwestern United States, pastures can accommodate up to 7,000 cows and cover about 10,000 to 20,000 hectares, some even cover 90,000 hectares. Therefore, the difficulties not only lie in ascertaining the location of each animal but also to know the health and water supply of the livestock. There are other problems such as free-range breeding loss, beef cattle production and quality decline. RFID ear tags can no longer meet the current requirements of animal husbandry development.

With the development of animal husbandry, a number of large-scale farms with different economic components, different management methods have been built, but due to the lack of uniform, standardized, strict and intelligent beef cattle production system, the whole breeding work is chaotic, the quality of the breeding cattle is uneven, the level of the production system is low, and the breeding cattle are seriously insufficient. Therefore, the cattle industry will be a weak industry for a long period of time in the future. Building a standardized production of beef cattle is an urgent requirement for ensuring the stable development of animal husbandry.

Smart farming and IoT GPS ear tag
RFID electronic ear tags cannot transmit geographic location and other sensor data to the server. However, in addition to positioning, the cattle and sheep GPS ear tags can collect data by the communication module (GSM, NB-IoT, LoRa) and uploaded information to the platform or APP by motion sensors and environmental sensors, which is convenient for herders, enterprises, farmers, animal Husbandry Bureau, realizing the unified management. The more advanced medical sensors can even record the heart rate and body temperature of the animals, and customize the health plan according to the physical state of each animal, thereby reducing costs, effectively improving the functions of aquaculture management, vaccine management and breeding management. The quality of beef cattle is controlled by each part, achieving high-quality production.

Jimi smart farming IoT solution
In order to solve the problem of livestock stolen loss, searching difficulty, inbreeding leading to population degradation, overgrazing leading to grassland degradation, etc., and to facilitate the management of livestock vaccine, quarantine and epidemic prevention by livestock and animal husbandry bureau staff, Jimi created the "Smart Farming IoT Solution" for livestock management based on NB-IoT+LoRa+GSM technology.

Jimi positioning device (intelligent collar, tail tag, ear tag) is equipped with solar and high-capacity battery, featuring low power consumption and long standby for up to three years. It not only supports Beidou + GPS + LBS and Bluetooth-assisted positioning, but also IP67 resistance. In the water depth of 1 meter, the device can withstand 30 minutes of waterproof. At the same time, it supports various alerts. Through AMS terminal system management platform, the intelligent hardware can be easily upgraded in the air.

Jimi smart ranch solution takes the IoT PaaS platform as the core, obtains data through the pastoral intelligent terminal, displays the data set in the client APP (including the herder version, the animal husbandry bureau version) and the management Web platform of animal husbandry bureau, and classifies statistics by precise algorithm for easy viewing and unified management.

For more information about Jimi smart farming IoT solution, please contact us and we will get back to you within one working day!

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